Wednesday, October 19, 2016

Kodi Kuzhagar Temple, Kodiakkarai, Nagapattinam

Kodi Kuzhagar Temple, Kodiakkarai, Nagapattinam
Kuzhagar Temple or Kodi Kuzhagar Temple (also called Amirthakadeswarar Temple) is a Hindu temple dedicated to Shiva, located in the town of Kodikkarai in TamilnaduIndia. Kuzhagar is revered in the 7th century Tamil Saiva canonical work, theTevaram, written by Tamil saint poets known as the nayanars and classified as Paadal Petra Sthalam. Kuzhagar temple is originally believed to have been built by the Cholas and it has several inscriptions dating back to the Chola period.


The temple has six daily rituals at various times from 5:30 a.m. to 8 p.m., and three yearly festivals on its calendar. The annual Brahmotsavam (prime festival) is attended by thousands of devotees from far and near. The temple is maintained and administered by the Hindu Religious and Endowment Board of the Government of Tamilnadu. This is the 244th Devaram Paadal Petra Shiva sthalam and 127th Shiva Temple on the south side of River Cauvery in Chozha nadu. 


Sundarar has sung hymns in praise of Lord Shiva of this temple. Kodi Kuzhagar Temple at Kodikarai is close to the main road. As it is surrounded by the forest area, not many houses are seen around this area. Saivaite Saint Sundarar refers to the loneliness of this place in his Thevaram Padhigam sung on the Lord. The Temple has a Rajagopuram in the front and one prakaram around the sanctum. Anjanakshi Sametha Amirthakateshwarar (Kodi Kuzhagar) temple of Kodikarai has a Subramanya shrine in the prakaram where the Lord holds Amrutha kalasa in one of his hands. Saint Arunagirinatha has sung Thirupugazh in praise of this Moorthi.


Etymology
The town Kodikkarai is named after Kuzhagar, the presiding deity of the Kuzhagar Temple, a Hindu temple dedicated to Shiva. The 7th century Saiva canonical work Tevaram by Sundarar & Tirugnanasambandar mentions the place as Kuzhagar Kovil.


Legends
For brief details, please refer below link;
History
For brief details, please refer below link;
The Temple
For brief details, please refer below link;
Temple Opening Time
The temple is open from 9.00 a.m. to 10.00 a.m. and from 5.00 p.m. to 6.00 p.m.
Worship & Religious Practices
For brief details, please refer below link;
Singers
Saint Tirugnana Sambandar and Sundarar had sung the glory of the Lord of the temple in their Thevaram hymns. Saint Arunagiriar had sung the glory of Lord Muruga of this temple in his celebrated Thirupugazh hymns.  
Prayers
People pray to Lord for wedding, child boon and for excellence in education. Devotees perform abishek to Lord and Mother and offer vastras.
Contact
Sri Kodi Kuzhagar Koil-Amudha Kadeswarar Koil,
Kodiakadu-614 821, Nagapattinam District
Phone: +91 - 4369 272 470
Connectivity
Kodaikadu is 9 km far from Vedaranyam on the Kodiakarai route. Vehicles are checked by police for security reasons and allowed to proceed after noting the vehicle registration number. Bus facility is also available. 

Kodi Kuzhagar Temple, Kodiakkarai, Nagapattinam – The Temple

Kodi Kuzhagar Temple, Kodiakkarai, Nagapattinam – The Temple
Kuzhagar temple complex has three prakarams (outer courtyard) and a five-tiered Rajagopuram (gateway tower). The central shrine faces east and holds the image of Kuzhagar (Shiva) in the form of lingam made of granite. The granite images of the deities Ganesha (son of Shiva and god of wisdom), Murugan (son of Shiva and god of war), Nandi (the bull and vehicle of Shiva) and Navagraha (nine planetary deities) are located in the hall leading to the sanctum. 

As in other Shiva temples of Tamil Nadu, the first precinct or the walls around the sanctum of Kuzhagar has images of Dakshinamurthy (Shiva as the Teacher), Durga (warrior-goddess) and Chandikeswarar (a saint and devotee of Shiva). The second precinct is surrounded by granite walls.

While churning the milk ocean for the Nectar, the demons created a wild hurricane.  God of Wind Vayu Bhagwan controlled the tempest. When the Nectar spilled, Lord Subramania (Muruga) held it in a Kalasa-vessel.  He appears in this temple with the Nectar-Kalasa. People pray to him for longevity. 

Though a Lord Shiva temple, all prominence goes to Lord Muruga. Saint Arunagiriar had sung the glory of Lord Muruga of this temple in his celebrated Thirupugazh hymns. Sthala Vriksham is Kura Maram and Sthala Theertham is Agni Teertham (ocean) and well known as Amudha Kinaru.


This is a very ancient temple. Mother Maiyar Thadangani appears all merciful. Navagrahas in the temple are on a straight line against the traditional pattern of being in a circular form facing different directions.  

It is believed that the Navagrahas in the temple are on a straight line witnessing the wedding posture of Lord Shiva with Mother. The Navagrahas are in a single line as in Tiruvarur. Kodaikadu being a jungle area, there is a jungle custodian deity praised as Sookadu Kizhal.

Kodi Kuzhagar Temple, Kodiakkarai, Nagapattinam – Worship & Religious Practices

Kodi Kuzhagar Temple, Kodiakkarai, Nagapattinam – Worship & Religious Practices
The temple priests perform the puja (rituals) during festivals and on a daily basis. Like other Shiva temples of Tamil Nadu, the priests belong to the Shaiva community, a Brahmin sub-caste. The temple rituals are performed six times a day; Ushathkalam at 5:30 a.m., Kalasanthi at 8:00 a.m., Uchikalam at 10:00 a.m., Sayarakshai at 5:00 p.m., Irandamkalam at 7:00 p.m. and Ardha Jamam at 8:00 p.m.
Each ritual comprises four steps: Abhishekam (sacred bath), Alangaram (decoration), neivethanam (food offering) and deepa aradanai (waving of lamps) for both Kuzhagar and Thadangani Amman. The worship is held amidst music with nagaswaram (pipe instrument) and tavil (percussion instrument), religious instructions in the Vedas (sacred texts) read by priests and prostration by worshippers in front of the temple mast.
There are weekly rituals like Somavaram (Monday) and sukravaram (Friday), fortnightly rituals like Pradosham and monthly festivals like Amavasai (new moon day), Kiruthigai, Pournami (full moon day) and sathurthi. The ten-day Vaikasi Visagam in during the Tamil month of Vaikasi (May–June) and six-day Sashti are the major festivals celebrated in the temple. 10 day Vaikasi Visagam in May-June and 6 day Sashti are the festivals celebrated for Lord Amirthakada Subramanya. 

Kodi Kuzhagar Temple, Kodiakkarai, Nagapattinam – History

Kodi Kuzhagar Temple, Kodiakkarai, Nagapattinam – History
The recorded history of Kodiakkarai is found from the inscriptions in Kuzhagar Temple and Vedaranyeswarar Temple. The inscriptions date from the reign of Aditya Chola (871–907 CE),Rajaraja Chola I (985–1014 CE), Rajendra Chola I (1012–1044 CE) and Kulothunga Chola I(1070–1120 CE) indicating various grants to the temple. An inscription dating back to Parantaka Chola mentions the gift of 90 sheep by a merchant to the temple for the maintenance of a perpetual lamp.
The region of Kodikkarai along with Vedaranyam continued to be a part of the Chola Empire and the Chola region emerged as a centre of Saivism during the reign of Kulothunga Chola I (1070–1120 CE). After the fall of Cholas during the reign of Rajendra Chola II in the 13th century CE, the erstwhile Chola region was caught under a power struggle between Pandyas and Hoysalas.
The royal patronage continued to the temple during the rule of the Nayaks. The Negapatam region (modern day Nagapattinam district) was briefly captured by French troops led by Lally (1702–66 CE) in 1759 CE. The Tanjore district was annexed by British after the French failed to subdue the king of Tanjore. In modern times, the temple is maintained and administered by the Hindu Religious and Endowment Board of the Government of Tamilnadu.

Kodi Kuzhagar Temple, Kodiakkarai, Nagapattinam – Legends

Kodi Kuzhagar Temple, Kodiakkarai, Nagapattinam – Legends
Rama disagreeing Sugriva Proposal:
The sea route to Lanka is short from this place. Sugriva planned to build a bridge from here to Lanka to help Rama to cross the sea. But Lord Sri Rama disagreed with the proposal as Kodiakkarai is behind Lanka and that would not be right or graceful to attack Ravana from behind and proceeded to Dhanushkodi being opposite to the front entrance of the island. He worshipped Lord Shiva here before proceeding to Lanka. Remembering this event, the foot prints of Rama is carved here. Lord Shiva in the temple is also praised as Amirtha Kadeswarar.
Lord Shiva directing Rama to build Bridge in Rameshwaram:
Rama is said to have sighted Sri Lanka from here, and what is believed to be his footprint is preserved nearby. It is believed that Rama attempted to build a bridge to Sri Lanka from here, and was directed by Shiva to proceed to Rameswaram. It is considered sacred to bathe in the sea here during the Uttarayana and Dakshinayana transition.  Local belief has it that this shrine is inhabited by Siddhas.
Murugan with Amirtha Kalasam:
When Devas and Asuras churned Thiruppaarkadal for Nectar, many things came out of Ocean and finally they got the Nectar. Vayu Bhagavan was carrying the Nectar pot, Asuras created wind storm. Pot tilted and nectar fell down which formed as Siva Lingam and some Nectar was collected in a pot by Lord Subramanyar. Here we see Subramanyar with Amirta Kalasam. Hence Shiva is called Amritaghateswarar and Theertham as Amrita Theertham.
People worshipped Shiva here:
Suvedha Munivar’s son Braman, Siddhars, Naradhar, Indiran, Cheraman Peruman, Sundarar and Kuzhka Munivar worshipped Lord Shiva of this temple.

Keezhaiyur Kadaimudinathar Temple, Nagapattinam

Keezhaiyur Kadaimudinathar Temple, Nagapattinam
Kadaimudinathar Temple is a Hindu temple located at Keezhaiyur in Nagapattinam district of TamilnaduIndia. The presiding deity is Shiva. He is called as Kadaimudinathar. His consort is Abirami. It is one of the shrines of the 275 Paadal Petra Sthalams - Shiva Sthalams glorified in the early medieval Tevaram poems by Tamil Saivite Nayanar Tirugnanasambandar. Since the place contained 7 villages once, this is also called Ezhur.

This Shivastalam is located near Tiruninriyur, which is located close to Ananda Tandavapuram. Tirunanipalli, another Shivastalam is located close by. This is the 72nd Devara Paadal Petra Shiva Sthalam and 18th sthalam on the north side of river Cauvery in Chozha nadu. Thiruganasambhandar has sung hymns in praise the Lord Shiva of this temple.
Legends
Due to his pride, Lord Brahmma incurred the curse of Lord Shiva. For relief, he performed Shiva Puja in many places including this place. Lord Shiva granted darshan to Brahmma under this Kiluvai tree. When Brahmma sought pardon and relief, Lord told him that the relief would come to Brahmma at an appropriate time. As requested by Brahma, Lord Shiva stayed in this place. Sage Kanva also worshipped Shiva in this place and attained salvation.

The Temple
Lord Shiva in the temple is a Swayambumurthy. Swayambu linga known as Kadaimudinathar is facing south with Abhiramavalli Amman facing west. Adhi Murthy of the temple Lord Kiluvai Nathar is under Kiluvai tree in the prakara. There is also a Nandhi before him. Lord Subramania with his consorts Valli and Deivanai is in a shrine in the prakara. Sri Vinayaka of the temple is worshipped as Lord Kadaimudi Vinayaka.

The temple is facing west.  Cauvery flows westward. As Lord Shiva protects the world even during the Maha Pralaya time-the uprising of the rivers and oceans destroying the world, He is praised as Kadai Mudi Nathar – Lord rescuing beings even on the ending day, according to sthala Puranas. Shiva Linga has 16 stripes known as Sodasa Linga. Wealth is classified under 16 heads; hence it is believed that those worshipping Kadaimudi Nathar will achieve all the wealth.

The Navagrahas in the prakara are on a hexagonal avudaiyar seat facing right side. The planets are not in a regular line. They are looking front and back to each other. Lord Dakshinamurthy has a ring only in one ear. The other is plain. Lord Bhairava too has a ring only in one ear. Mother Abhirami is all merciful. Her shrine is facing south with an entrance. 

Woman awaiting marriage use to tie Mangalsutra to her for early wedding. When marriage proposals conclude happily, they take back the mangalsutra, tie it on their neck, worship her and leave it then again with Mother. Their belief is that doing so would ensure the longevity of their Mangalsutras till the end of their life. River Cauvery flows north and then west here. Sthala Vriksham is Kiluvai Tree and Theertham is Kadaimudi Theertham.

Inscriptions in this West facing temple from Vikrama Chola's period refer to the deity here as Tiruchchadaimudi Udaiya Mahadevar. Inscriptions from the period of Nandivarman Pallava III are found in this temple. Several inscriptions from the period of Parantaka I are also found here. An image of Ardhanareeswarar discovered near the temple (suggesting that the stone structure was erected during the days of Aditya Chola I) is now preserved in the Chennai Government Museum.

The looping of the river Kaveri, in an almost westward flow is considered to be of significance here.
Temple Opening Time
The temple is open from 6.00 a.m. to 12.00 a.m. and from 4.00 p.m. to 8.00 p.m.
Festivals
Four worship services are offered each day. Maha Shivrathri in February-March; Tirukarthikai in November-December and Aipasi Annabishekam in October-November and Arudra Dharisanam are the festivals celebrated in the temple.
Singers
Lord of the temple is praised in the Thevaram hymns of Saint Tirugnana Sambandar. This is the 18th Shiva temple on the northern banks of Cauvery.
Prayers
Majority of the devotees seek wedding boon in this temple. Others come to seek the pardon of Lord for wrongs committed by them. Devotees perform abishek to Lord and Mother and offer vastras.
Contact
Sri Kadaimudi Nathar temple,
Shivan Koil Street, Keelaiyur - 609 304,
Nagapattinam District
Phone: +91 - 4364 - 283 261 / 283 360
Mobile: +91 - 94427 79580 / 9095120653
Connectivity
This temple is situated at Keezhaiyur which is on the Mayiladuthurai - Poompuhar route. The temple is about 2 Kms from Keezhaiyur bus stop. One can also reach Keezhaiyur from Sirkazhi by travelling upto Poompuhar and then taking the road to Mayiladuthurai from there. Keezhaiyur is 12 km from Mayiladuthurai and 2 kms from Semponar koil. Buses are available only at specific hours from Mayiladuthurai. Nearest Railway Station is located at Mayiladuthurai and Nearest Airport is located at Trichy.

Keelaparasalur Veeratteswarar Temple, Nagapattinam

Keelaparasalur Veeratteswarar Temple, Nagapattinam
Keelaparasalur Veeratteswarar Temple is a Hindu temple located at Keelaparasalur in Nagapattinam district of TamilnaduIndia. The historical name of the place is Tiruppariyalur. The presiding deity is Shiva. He is called as Veeratteswarar. His consort is known as Ilam Kobanayal. It is one of the shrines of the 275 Paadal Petra Sthalams - Shiva Sthalams glorified in the early medieval Tevaram poems by Tamil Saivite Nayanar Tirugnana Sambandar. The temple is praised in the hymns of saint Arunagirinathar. This sthalam is one of the Attaveerattana (one of the eight heroic deeds) Sthalams of God Shiva.

God Shiva is believed to have vanquished Dakshan, father of Sathi, who refused to give his son-in-law Lord Shiva due recognition in the Yagna performed by him. Dakshan insulted his daughter when she came to the function even though she was not invited. Unable to bear the insult heaped on her by her father, Sathi died by self-immolation. Angered by the death of his wife, Lord Shiva then danced his Tandava and killed Dakshan through Veerabhadrar. Tiruppariyalur is dedicated to this episode in Shiva's life, where he is known as Daksha Samhara Moorthy. The processional deity (Utsava Moorthy) is a bronze idol of Daksha Samhara Moorthy, depicted as having Dakshan under the lord's feet.
Legends
As a Shiva devotee, Daksha gained boons from Lord Shiva, which only developed pride in him. He organized a great yajna without inviting Lord Shiva. Lord Shiva withdrew (Parithal in Tamil) the boons granted to him, thus the place came to be known as Tiru Parialur. It is also noteworthy that Daksha was the father of Dhakshayani, consort of Lord Shiva. As he failed in the formalities to be followed in respecting the boon giver, Lord Shiva destroyed him and his yajna. Other invitees like the Devas were also punished for accepting Daksha’s invitation knowing that he had erred in ignoring the Lord. Sun God lost a tooth. He has a shine in the temple worshipping the Lord daily for the wrong he has committed.
Veerabadhirar had cut the head of Dakshan in this place after the yaga was interrupted and vanquished Dakshan’s ego. The temple tank is regarded as the sacrificial altar of Daksha. During drought the actual altar is visible at the bottom. Devas are believed to have got rid of their fear caused by the demon Tharuka by worshipping Shiva at this kshetram. Dakshan selected this place to do Yagam and so known as Daksha puri.
The Temple
This is a small temple with a single prakaram. Inscriptions from the period of Jatavarman Sundara Pandya and Krishnadevaraya are found here. Presiding deity is known as Veerattaaneswarar as Swayambu lingam and the Ambal Ilankombanaiyaal, Balambika. Veerabadra swamy is present in a separate sanctum. Sengazhuneer Ganesa is also present in this Temple. This is one of the Atta Veeratta sthalam, there is a Pudai Sirpam in moolasthanam wall near Koshta Ganapathy, where Thakkan worshiping Lord Shiva.

The temple is facing west and the Rajagopuram was built recently. Moolavar is Suyambu on a square Aavudaiyar. Artha jaamam pooja is conducted only for Bairavar. There are Tamil inscriptions of Sundara Pandiyan Period found on the Karuvarai wall, but painted during the recent Thirupani, difficult to read. The beautiful Veerabhadra Idol with six hands is really a feast for the eye. The Yanthra behind the idol is very special. It is a small temple with a single praharam.

The Ambal Balambikai (Ilankombanaiyaal) is a 16 year old here and is graceful. The Dakshahattheshwarar (Veerabhadra) is next to the Ambal between the Shivan Sannidhi and Ambal both are facing north. Shrines of Lords Vinayaka, Viswanatha, Bhairava and Sun are in the prakara. Mother Durga, Brahmma, Lingodhbava, Dakshinamurthi and Nardana Vinayaka are goshta murthis. Lord Subramania appears standing with one leg on his peacock vahana. Ambika shrine is in the front mandapa facing south. 

There is an iron tent at the entrance of the temple. Lord Vinayaka temple is opposite of the street.  There is no flag post-Kodimaram but only Nandhi and Bali Peeta.  In the place of Flag Post, Vinayaka- Siddhi Vinayaka occupies the place. Sanctum Sanctorum is quite visible from this point. Curd rice and plain rice are offered as nivedhana to Lord. Of the Attaveerattana Sthalas of Lord Shiva, this is the fourth temple. Lord Shiva in the temple is a Swayambumurthy.

There is a special shrine for Sun God, hence no special Navagraha-nine planets shrine. This is the place where Lord destroyed Daksha and his yajna. Daksha is at the feet of Lord Dakshapureeswarar. Theertham of this Temple are Homa Kundam and Chandra pushkarani. Sthala Vriksham is Jack fruit tree.
Temple Opening Time
The temple is open from 6.00 a.m. to12.00 a.m. and from 5.00 p.m. to 7.00 p.m.
Festivals
Six times Abishekam is offered to Procession Deity Yaga Samharamurthi on Tamil New Year day in April-May, Aadi first day in July-August, Purattasi Chathurthi in September-October, Makara Sankranti falling almost on 14th January and Vaikasi Thiruvonam in May-June. Lord Shiva comes in procession on the last Karthikai Friday in November-December.
Sundays in the month of Karthikai (Scorpio) are considered sacred, and the festival images are taken around in procession. Other festivals celebrated here include Arudra Dharisanam, Aadi Pooram and Navarathri. 
Literary Mention
Lord of the temple is praised by Saint Tirugnanasambandar in his Thevaram hymns. This is the 41st Shiva temple on the southern bank of Cauvery praised in Thevaram hymns. The temple is praised in the hymns of saint Arunagirinathar. 
Tirugnanasambandar describes the feature of the deity as:
விளங்கொண் மலர்மே லயனோத வண்ணன்
துளங்கும் மனத்தார் தொழத்தழ லாய்நின்றான்
இளங்கொம் பனாளோ டிணைந்தும் பிணைந்தும்
விளங்குந் திருப்பறியல் வீரட்டத் தானே.
Prayers
Devotees pray for relief from the adverse aspects of the planets. Devotees perform abishek and aaradhanas to Lord and Mother.
Contact
Sri Veeratteswarar Temple,
Keel Parasalur, Tiru Parialur - 609 309,
Nagapattinam District
Phone: +91 - 4364- 205555,287 429
Mobile: +91 - 9943348035 / 9443785616
Connectivity
It is about 10 kms from Mayavaram on the road to Thirukkadaiyur turn right at the Sembanar koil turning in about 7 kms from Mayavaram in 3 kms after Sembanar koil crossing take a left turn Tiruppariyalur is slightly off the main road. This temple is located at about 3 Kms from another Shivasthalam Tiruchemponpalli on the Mayiladuthurai - Tarangambadi road route. Nearest Railway Station is located at Mayiladuthurai and Nearest Airport is located at Trichy. 

Kazheesirama Vinnagaram (Thadalan Kovil), Sirkazhi, Nagapattinam

Kazheesirama Vinnagaram (Thadalan Kovil), Sirkazhi, Nagapattinam
Kazheesirama Vinnagaram or Thadalan Kovil or Thirivikrama Narayana Perumal Temple is a Hindu temple dedicated to Vishnu located in Sirkazhi in Nagapattinam district, Tamilnadu, India. It is one of the "Divya Desams", the 108 temples of Vishnu revered by the 12 poet saints, or Alwars. The temple follows Thenkalai mode of worship. The God in the temple is praised as Man alantha Thadalan meaning the one who measured the land. The name Thadalan is in honour of Tiruvikrama form and the Moolavar (prime deity) fixed in the central shrine is in this form. The presiding deity, Tiruvikrama, appeared for sage Ashtakona Rishi.





This is one of the five Divya Desams referred by Thirumangai Azhvaar as ‘Vinnagaram’. The others being Parameswara Vinnagaram (Kanchipuram), Arimeya Vinnagara(Thiru Nangoor), Vaikunta Vinnagaram (Thiru Nangoor) and Nandipura Vinnagaram(Nathan Koil, Kumbakonam). Another feature of Thirumangai’s praise of this Divya Desam is his reference to the Goddess in his Paasurams. Mangai Mannan crowned as ‘Mangai Azhvaar’ and handed over the Vel by Thiru Gnana Sambandhar. The temple is administered by Chola Simhapuram Koil Kanthaadai Chantamaarutham Swami Dhoddayacharyar.





Legends
For brief details, please refer below link;
The Temple
For brief details, please refer below link;
Temple Opening Time
The temple is open from 7.30 a.m. to 11.30 a.m. and from 4.30 p.m. to 8.00 p.m.
Pooja Timings
·        Ushathkalam Pooja – 8 a.m.
·        Kalasanthi Pooja – 10:00 a.m.
·        Sayarakshai Pooja – 5:00 p.m.
·        Ardha Jamam Pooja – 7:00 p.m.
Festivals
For brief details, please refer below link;
Literary Mention
For brief details, please refer below link;
Prayers
Devotees pray for success in endeavors, promotion in jobs and longevity. Devotees offer Tulsi garlands, vastras and sweet pudding as nivedhana.
Contact
Sri Trivikraman Temple,
Kazheesirama Vinnagaram,
Sirkali – 609 110,
Nagapattinam District,
Phone: +91- 4364 - 270 207
Mobile: +91 – 9442419989 / 9443771400 / 9443650803
Connectivity
The temple is 2 km from Sirkali bus stand on the Chidambaram route. Frequent buses are available from Chennai, Chidambaram and Kumbakonam. It's about half mile away from the Sirkazhi station. The town is situated at 21 Kms North East to Mayiladuthurai and on the highway between Mayiladuthurai and Chidambaram. The town has all the facilities including transport and lodging. Sirkazhi is located 235kms South of Madras, 20kms South of Chidambaram, 21 kms North of Mayavaram and 70kms West of Nagapattinam. Nearest Airport is located at Trichy.