Tuesday, February 23, 2016

Thirumeignanam Gnanaparameswarar Temple, Thanjavur

Thirumeignanam Gnanaparameswarar Temple, Thanjavur
Thirumeignanam Gnanaparameswarar Temple is a Hindu temple located at Thirumeignanam in Thanjavur districtTamilnaduIndia. The temple is dedicated to Shiva, as the Moolavar presiding deity, in his manifestation as Gnanaparameswarar. His consort, Parvati, is known as Gnanambikai. The place is also known as Tirunallur Mayaanam. 

History
The place, known as Chaturvedimangalam during the Chola days was also known as Naalvediyur being the Tamil version of the Sanskrit word.  The faith is that one worshipping in this temple may become a Vedic Scholar.

The place is one of the four Mayanams, the other three being Kachi Mayanam, Kadavur Mayanam and Kazhi Mayanam.
Significance
It is one of the shrines of the 275 Paadal Petra Sthalams - Shiva Sthalams glorified in the early medieval Tevaram poems by Tamil Saivite Nayanar Tirugnanasambandar. Lord Shiva graces in the temple as a Swayambu Linga Murthy worshipped by Sage Abasthamba and the Four Vedas. It is said that a snake sometimes moves on the head of Shivalinga.
The Temple
Belonging to the Chola period, the temple is a monument of all architectural beauty. This was renovated in olden days by Chola king Aditya I.  The sanctum sanctorum is square in shape and the peak is shaped as a round ball.  Every pillar speaks of the aesthetic beauty.

The presiding deity graces sitting under a Vimana (roofing in the sanctum sanctorum) called Gajabrushta Vimanam.  This is a Mada type temple.
Temple Opening Time
The temple is open from 6.00 a.m. to 11.00 a.m. and 5.00 p.m. to 8.00 p.m.
Festivals
3 time puja is performed in the temple daily. Festivals are celebrated in the month of Purattasi (September-October), Margazhi (December-January) and Masi (February-March).
Prayers
People pray for removal of obstacles in marriage alliances, brilliance in education, and all general benefits in life. As token of their gratitude to Lord and Mother Goddess, devotees perform abishek and offer vastras (clothing).
Literary mention
The temple is praised in the hymns of Saivite saints Tirugnanasambandar, Tirunavukkarasar and Sundarar.  
In his Thevaram hymns, saint Tirugnanasambandar sings the glory of the Lord in the following lines.   “No evil will touch those ever chanting the glory of the Universal Father gracing from Naallur Mayanam and who pressed the ten headed Ravana by his one toe and also gifted him a sword and life.” This is the 96th temple on the southern bank of Cauvery praised in Thevaram hymns.
Tirugnanasambandar describes the feature of the deity as:
“பத்துத் தலையோனைப் பாதத் தொருவிரலால்
வைத்து மலையடர்த்து வாளொடு நாள்கொடுத்தான்
நத்தி னொலியோவா நாலூர் மயானத்தென்
அத்த னடிநினைவார்க் கல்ல லடையாவே”
Contact
Sri Gnana Parameswarar Temple,
Naallur Mayanam, Thirucherai Post – 612 605,
Kudavasal Taluk, Thanjavur district.
Phone: +91 94439 59839
Connectivity
This Shivasthalam temple is situated at a distance of 14 Kms on the bus route from Kumbakonam to Kudavasal. The other Paadal Petra Shivasthalams in the vicinity are: 1. Kudavasal and 2. Tirucherai.
Tirucherai is 15 km from Kumbakonam. From Tirucherai towards Kudavasal, north of the second kilometer lies Naallur. This is now known as Tirumeignanam. Naallur Mayanam is half a kilometer far from this place. Nearest Railway Station is located at Kumbakonam & Nearest Airport is located at Trichy.

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