Satyagireeswarar Temple, Senganur, Thanjavur
Satyagireeswarar Temple is a Hindu temple located at Senganur in the Thiruvidaimarudur taluk of Thanjavur district, Tamilnadu. The historical name of the place is Seignalur. The Temple is considered to be the 41st of the Devaram Paadal Petra Shiva Sthalams located on the Northern Banks of River Cauvery in Chozha Naadu.
Senganur is located at a distance of 16 kilometres from Kumbakonam on the road to Chennai.
Contest between Adisesha & Vayu:
In the contest between Adisesha and Vayu regarding their prowess, the former held the Meru Mount tightly. Vayu blew violently to break the mount. A small piece fell at this place. Hence, the place was named Sathyagiri.
Story of Chandikeswara:
Visara Saruman is the son of a Brahmin Echa Thathan and Pavithra. His holy thread ritual-Upanayanam- took place when he was seven as per Vedic order. Visara Saruman spent his days in the devotion to Lord Shiva. He was the shepherd to the cows owned by the Brahmins of the place. He also made a Shiva Linga of the sand of Manniyaru River and used the milk of the cows for abishek. Even after offering enough milk to Visara Saruman for his puja, the cows still gave full quantity of milk to their owners.
Knowing this, the Brahmins complained that he was wasting the milk meant for Yajnas. His father too joined the opposition. While Visara Saruman was deeply engaged in his Shiva Puja, his father not only attacked the son but upset the milk pots. In his deep concentration on Shiva puja, not knowing that the assailant was his father, he returned the attack with a stick which turned into an axe and cut his legs. Lord Shiva appeared before Visara Saruman with Mother Parvathi, honoured him with His Kondrai garland and said, “As you have now lost your father, I shall be your father henceforth” and offered the title Easwara – Chandikeswara.
Murugan worshiping Shiva:
According to Mythology, Brahmma was punished by Lord Muruga for not knowing the meaning of Pranava Mantra. This led to a difference of opinion between Lord Shiva and Muruga. To meet the Father’s challenge about his proficiency in the Mantra, Muruga had to act as Guru and Shiva as a disciple. The incident caused dosha to Muruga. He came to this place, created a spring and worshipped Shiva and got relieved of the dosha.
Also, on his way to destroy demon Surapadma, Lord Muruga worshipped Lord Shiva here and got the weapon of Rudra Pasupatha missile. Divine sculptor Deva Thachan built a great city here for Kumara (Muruga) the place was named Kumarapuram then. As Child (Sei in Tamil) Muruga worshipped here, the place is also known as Sei Nal Oor-Seignalur. There is big shrine for Muruga in the temple.
Play of Lord Shiva with Chola King:
According to legend, a Chola king donated land and house to more than 300 persons at this place. When one person was missing, Lord Shiva himself disguised as the missing person and got the land and house from the Chola King. When the King was informed that there seems to be no person living in that particular house, he went personally to check the house and when the king opened the door of the house, he found Lord Shiva standing there as a sculpture. God Shiva gave Moksha to that king at this Shivasthalam.
Lord Shiva blesses the devotees as a Swayambumurthy. This is the birth place of Sri Chandikeswara who blesses the devotees in all Shiva temples. Lord Bhairavar’s shrine is in the Maha Mandapam, which if tapped produces a bronze metal sound.
It is one of the shrines of the 275 Paadal Petra Sthalams - Shiva Sthalams glorified in the early medieval Tevaram poems by Tamil Saivite Nayanar Tirugnanasambandar. Hymns in praise of the deity have been sung by Arunagirinathar and Sekkizhar. The temple finds mention in Sekkizhar Periyapuranam.
The temple celebrates the birth day of Chandeswara Nayanar in the month of Thai (January-February) on the Uthiram star day. Senganur is the birthplace of the Saivite saint Chandesha Nayanar as well as the Vaishnavite philosopher Acharya Priavachan Pillai.
Greatness of Temple
The place has twin reputation. Of the 63 Nayanmars, this is the birth place Chandikeswara with Easwara title-Chandikeswara. He graces in the temple in Arthanareeswarar form. Tiruvaipadi nearby is the place where attained salvation. He appears majestically as Lord Shiva himself with crescent moon, long hair, Kundalams (ear rings) and the holy Ganga on the head.
Emperor Sibi, King Harichandra had worshipped Lord in this temple. Saint Arunagiriar had sung the glory of Lord Muruga of the temple in his Thirupugazh hymns. Epic poet Sekkizhar had beautifully described the reputation of the temple in his Peria Puranam. This is one of the important cities of Chola kings.
This is also the birth place of Acharya Priavachan Pillai an eminent scholar in Vaishnavite philosophy. He has authored elaborate commentaries on Naalaayira Divya Prabandam singing the glory of Lord Vishnu sung by the great 12 Azhwars. Among his works, the Divya Prabandha Ramayanam, picking up suitable lines from the Prabandham is chanted by devout Vaishnavas as Nitya Parayana.
As a small piece of Meru Mount fell at his place, the temple is built appearing as if on a hill facing east. This is the one of the Mada temples built by Chola king Kochenganan. The temple has two prakarams, one at the top and other at the ground.
The sanctum sanctorum, Artha Mandap, Maha Mandapam are in the hill top. The shrines of Lords Nataraja, Bhairava, Vinayaka, Muruga, Mother Gajalakshmi and Chandikeswara are in the prakara. If one taps the wall in Mahamandapam, he/she can hear bronze metal sound.
Temple Opening Time
The temple is open from 7.00 a.m. to 9.00 a.m. and from 5.30 p.m. to 7.00 p.m.
The temple celebrates the birth day of Chandeswara Nayanar in the month of Thai (January-February) on the Uthiram star day.
Any one facing any adverse situation in life may submit their prayers to Lord. Devotees offer vastras to Lord and Mother and contribute to the renovation of the temple.
Sri Satyagireeswarar Temple,
Senganur-612 504, Tiruppanandal post,
Tiruvidaimarudur Taluk, Thanjavur district.
Phone: +91- 435-2457 459, 93459 82373
It is located on the Kumbakonam to Thirupanandal route. Travel in this road and get down at Senganur stop and go through a small branch road for about 1 Km to reach the temple. Senganur is nearer to Thirupanandal and Tiruvaappaadi. It is about 4 Kms. from Thirupanandal. Senganur, 16 km from Kumbakonam on the Chennai route is near Tiruppanandal.
Nearest railway Station is located at Kumbakonam & Nearest Airport is located at Trichy.