Sunday, November 29, 2015

Gangaikonda Cholapuram, Ariyalur

Gangaikonda Cholapuram, Ariyalur
Gangaikonda Cholapuram – General Information
Gangaikonda Cholapuram – Greatness of the Temple
Gangaikonda Cholapuram – History
Gangaikonda Cholapuram – City & Fortifications
Gangaikonda Cholapuram – Gangaikondacholan Lake
Gangaikonda Cholapuram - Architecture
Gangaikonda Cholapuram - Sculptures
Gangaikonda Cholapuram – Chalukya & Kalinga Sculptures
Gangaikonda Cholapuram – Maalikai Medu (Ruins of Rajendra Chola Palace)
Gangaikonda Cholapuram – Minor Shrines
Gangaikonda Cholapuram - Bronzes
Gangaikonda Cholapuram – Epigraphs
Gangaikonda Cholapuram – In Literatures
Gangaikonda Cholapuram – Rajendra Cholan Site Museum
Gangaikonda Cholapuram – Daily Pooja Timings
Gangaikonda Cholapuram - Pictures
Gangaikonda Cholapuram - Connectivity

Waterfalls in Tamilnadu

Waterfalls in Tamilnadu
Beemanmadavu Falls, Thiruvannamalai
Jalagamparai Waterfalls, Yelagiri
Kiliyur Falls, Yercaud
Kutladampatti Falls, Madurai
Agaya Gangai Waterfalls, Kolli Hills
Masila Falls, Kolli Hills
Namma Aruvi Falls, Kolli Hills
Santhana Aruvi Falls, Kolli Hills
Small Falls (Near Arapaleshwar Temple), Kolli Hills
Thirparappu Waterfalls, Kanyakumari
Catherine Falls, Ooty
Elk Falls, Ooty
Kalhatti Falls, Ooty
Law's Falls, Ooty
Mayil Uthu Falls, Perambalur
Koraiyar Falls, Perambalur
Mangalam Aruvi Falls, Perambalur
Alanthoni Falls, Kodaikanal
Anju Veedu Waterfalls, Kodaikanal
Ayyanar Falls, Dindigul
Bamen Falls, Kodaikanal
Bear Shola Falls, Kodaikanal
Fairy Falls, Kodaikanal
Gaur Vellaiyan Falls, Kodaikanal
Glen Falls, Kodaikanal
Gundar Falls, Kodaikanal
Kathirikkai Falls, Kodaikanal
Kukkal Falls, Kodaikanal
Kuthiraiyar Waterfalls, Kodaikanal
Neptune Falls and Pool, Kodaikanal
Palar Lower Falls, Kodaikanal
Pambar Falls (Liril or Vatakanal), Kodaikanal
Polur Falls, Kodaikanal
Poomparai Falls, Kodaikanal
Poondi Falls, Kodaikanal
Silver Cascade Falls, Kodaikanal
Skamba Falls, Kodaikanal
Snake Falls, Kodaikanal
Thalaiyar Falls, Kodaikanal
Vaideki Falls, Coimbatore
Siruvani Waterfalls, Coimbatore
Sengupathi Falls, Coimbatore
Monkey Falls, Valparai
Chinnakallar Falls, Valparai
Iraichal Parai falls, Valparai
Birla Falls, Valparai
Congreve falls/Poonachi Falls, Valparai
Rhythm Falls, Valparai
Aintharuvi (Five Falls), Courtallam
Thenaruvi (Honey Falls), Courtallam 
Peraruvi (Main Falls), Courtallam  
Pazhaya Courtallam (Old Courtallam Falls), Courtallam 
Pazhathotta Aruvi (Orchard Falls), Courtallam 
Puthu Aruvi, Courtallam 
Chitraruvi (Small Falls), Courtallam 
Shenbaga Devi (Chembakadevi) Falls, Courtallam 
Puli Aruvi (Tiger Falls), Courtallam
Kodiveri Dam & Falls, Erode
Hogenakkal Falls or Hogenakal Falls, Dharmapuri
Periyar Falls, Kalrayan Hills
Megam Falls, Kalrayan Hills
Agasthyar Falls, Tirunelveli
Banatheertham Falls, Tirunelveli
Manimuthar Waterfalls, Tirunelveli
Ayyanar Falls, Rajapalayam
Tiger Falls, Theni
Suruli Falls, Theni
Kumbakkarai Falls, Theni
Meghamalai/Clouds Land Falls/Chinna Suruli Falls, Meghamalai
Panjalinga Falls (Thirumoorthy Falls), Thiruppur
Ulakkai Aruvi Waterfalls, Nagercoil
Vattaparai Falls, Kanyakumari
Kalikesam Falls, Kanyakumari

Krishnarayapuram Tirukkanmalleswarar Temple, Karur

Krishnarayapuram Tirukkanmalleswarar Temple, Karur 
Tirukkanmalleswarar Temple is located in Krishnarayapuram village in Karur is a famous temple. This place is also called Sithalavai. The presiding deity is Lord Shiva. The temple has a beautiful small sanctum sanctorum. The distance between Krishnarayapuram to Karur District is 24.3 km.
Connectivity
By Road: Buses are available from all places in Karur to reach this temple which is 24km away.
By Train: After reaching railway station is Karur Railway Station which is 29km away to reach Tirukkanmalleswarar temple. From here Buses and Taxis are available.

By Flight: The nearest airport is Tiruchirapalli International Airport which is located at a distance of 77 km from the town. After reaching Madukkarai, Buses and Taxis are available to visit this temple.

Vasantha perumal Temple, Kadavur, Karur

Vasantha perumal Temple, Kadavur, Karur
Vasantha perumal Temple is located in Kadavur village in Karur is a famous temple. The presiding deity is Lord Vishnu. The temple has a beautiful small sanctum sanctorum. The distance between Kadavur to Karur District is 57.1 km.
Connectivity
By Road: Buses are available from all places in Karur to reach this temple.
By Train: The nearest railway station to Kadavur is Valyampatti which is located in and around 14.8 kilometer distance. After reaching railway station in Valyampatti travel up to Kadavur. Buses and Taxis are available to visit this temple.

By Flight: The nearest airport is Tiruchirapalli International Airport which is located at a distance of 77 km from the town. After reaching Kadavur village, Buses and Taxis are available to visit this temple.

Saturday, November 28, 2015

Pazhuvur Shiva Temples, Ariyalur

Pazhuvur Shiva Temples, Ariyalur 
Pazhuvur region has four Shiva Temple Complexes from the times of the Pazhuvettarayars and the Chola kings. This clan was ruling the area under the bigger umbrella of the Chola Empire. Pazhuvur is situated on the Tiruchi – Ariyalur highway, the Pazhuvur Temples can be found in three sectors called Keezha Pazhuvur (lower area on the east), Mela Pazhuvur (upper area on the west) and Keezhayur.



All the three temples are said to have been worshipped by Sage Jamadagni and his illustrious son, Parasurama, the wielder of the axe and sixth incarnation of Lord Vishnu. Pazhuvettarayar (Paluvettaraiyar) became famous in the modern world through the famous Tamil author and editor Kalki’s Tamil classic called ‘Ponniyin Selvan’ This serialized novel is full of royal intrigue and vengeance and the Pazhuvettaraiyar brothers were behind all the treachery.




History
Paluvettaraiyar were petty chiefs who ruled the present Kila-Paluvur and Mela-Paluvur, in the Udaiyarpalaiyam taluk of the Tiruchirapalli district, during Chola kingdom with the title Paluvettaraiyar. They were responsible for a number of benefactions to the temples at this place and were known to have been related to the Cholas by marriage. About a dozen records pertaining to this dynasty have been found.




When Uraiyur was the capital of the Chola kingdom, many local kings became their supporters and vassals. One of them called Pazhuvettarayar was the king of Pazhuvoor. The name of Periya Pazhuvettarayar was Ambalavaanan and is mentioned in the ASI board displayed outside the Keezha Pazhuvur Temple. Another famous general, Paluvettaraiyar Maravan Kandanar served Uttama Chola. A battle-hardened old warrior and a powerful nobleman, he was Sundara Chozhan's treasurer as well.  His son, Kumaran Maravan also served Uttama Chola.




Ambalavan Pazhuvurnakkan (also known as Vikramachola - Maharajan of Kuvalalam) features during Uttama Chola's rule and continues into Rajaraja I's reign. The Pazhuvettaraiyars, related to the Cholas by marriage, were responsible for a number of donations to the Pazhuvur Temples. Inscriptions say that in the 12th year of Parantaka Chozhan, Paluvettaraiyar Kandan Amudanar fought a victorious battle at Vellore against the forces of the Pandya king and his Ceylonese ally, in which the Pandya lost his life.




Keezha Pazhuvur’s Alanduraiyappar Temple finds mention in the hymns of Thevaram sung by Thirugnana Sambandar, the poet-saint of Tamil literature. The hymn says that the temple rituals were conducted by priests from Kerala who settled down in this area. Legend says that Parasurama, the sixth incarnation of Lord Vishnu and creator of the land of Kerala, brought them to conduct the Poojas and rituals of Alanduraiyappar Temple. Some scholars say that the Pazhuvettarayars, who belonged to the land of Parasurama, may have encouraged their migration.




This shrine was rebuilt in granite during the reign of Paranthaka Chola I. It contains inscriptions of the Emperor describing his victory at Vellore over the Pandyas. Another inscription of Parakesarivarman says that the temple was reconstructed by Pazhuvettarayar Maravan Kandan. A third important inscription says that the temple originally built with bricks had to be rebuilt as it was facing ruin. It was rebuilt by Ilangesan during the period of Kulothunga Chola and renamed as Kulothunga Choleeswaram.




Ambalavan Pazhuvur Nakkan figures very often in the records of the kings Parakesari and Rajakesari. His Chola overlords were Uttama Chola and Rajaraja I. Vikrama Chola was the title of Uttama Chola and his subordinate Ambalavan Paluvur Nakkan also bore the same title. Similarly, when he figures in the records of Rajaraja-I, he is known as Ambalavam Puluvur Nakkan alias Pazhuvarayan and he figures as one of the noble men of the king's council. He was a devotee of Shiva. Both Melapazhuvur and Keezhayur were collectively known as Perum Pazhuvur during the Chola reign.
Inscriptions
Paluvettaraiyar, a Chera Mutharayar figures largely in the inscriptions copied at Kila-Paaluvur and Mela-Paluvur in the Tiruchchirappalli District. A.R. No. 231 of 1926 dated in the 12th year of Parantaka, that Paluvettaraiyar Kandan Amudanar fought, on behalf of his Chola overlord, a victorious battle at Vellur against the forces of the Pandya king and his Ceylonese ally, in which the Pandya lost his life. To commemorate this success the Commander Nakkan Sattan of Paradur made a gift of a perpetual lamp to the temple of Tiruvalandurai-Mahadeva at Siru-Paluvur. It is perhaps this Amudanar who is referred to in the Anbil Plates of Sundara Chola as a Kerala prince whose daughter was married to Parantaka I and bore him prince Arinjaya By ‘Kerala prince’ should be meant a relation of the Chera king.


Kandan Maravan figures in two inscriptions, dated in the 4th and 7th years of Rajakesarivarmna identified with Rajaraja I, and is also mentioned in two epigraphs of the 15th and 16th year of Parakesarivarman Uttama-Chola, similarly records are found of Maravan Kandan covering about the same period in the 10th and 12th years of Rajakesarivarman Sundara-chola and between the 9th and 15th years of Parakesari Uttama-Chola.


It appears as though these two chiefs were brothers who are stated in a record of the 12th year of Parakesari (Uttama-chola) from Udaiyargudi to have made a gift of land to the temple on behalf of his own younger brother Kandan Satrubhayankaran. It is also likely that he was known by the name Vikramaditya, whose wife Raman Koviyar is recorded to have made a gift of sheep for a lamp to the temple at Kila-Paluvur in the 8th year Uttama-Chola Parakesari.

Temples
Shiva temples from the times of the Pazhuvettarayars and the Chola kings can be found in the Pazhuvur region and listed as below;
Alanduraiyar Temple, Keezha Pazhuvur:
For brief details, please refer below link;
Srinivasa Perumal Temple, Keezha Pazhuvur:
For brief details, please refer below link;
Ganga Jadeswarar Temple, Govindaputtur:
For brief details, please refer below link;
Keezhayur Twin Temples:
For brief details, please refer below link;
Sundareswarar Temple, Mela Pazhuvur:
For brief details, please refer below link;
Connectivity
This place is located at a distance of 15 Kms from Ariyalur, 35 Kms from Thanjavur & 53 Kms from Trichy.
By Road: This place is well connected to Ariyalur which is in turn connected to major cities in Tamilnadu
By Train: Ariyalur is the nearest Railway Station
By Air: Trichy is the nearest domestic & International Airport.