Friday, June 23, 2017

Azhagiya Manavala Perumal Temple, Woraiyur, Trichy

Azhagiya Manavala Perumal Temple, Woraiyur, Trichy
Azhagiya Manavalan Perumal Temple (also called Thirukozhi or Nachiyar Koil) in Woraiyur, a suburb Tiruchirappalli in the South Indian state of Tamilnadu, is dedicated to the Hindu god Vishnu. Constructed in the Dravidian style of architecture, the temple is glorified in the Divya Prabandha, the early medieval Tamil canon of the Azhwar saints from the 6th – 9th centuries AD. It is one of the 108 Divyadesam dedicated to Vishnu, who is worshipped as Azhagiya Manavalan and his consort Lakshmi as Kamalavalli. This is the only Divya Desam where Thaayar is seen facing North.






A granite wall surrounds the temple, enclosing all its shrines and bodies of water. The temple has a 5-tiered Rajagopuram, the temple's gateway tower. The place has the reputation of being the birth place of Saint Tirupanazhwar one among the celebrated 12 Vaishanavite saints. Among the Saivite saints, Pugazh Chalar and Kochengata Cholan were also born here. Ramanuja composed Gadhya Thraya on Panguni Uthiram in front of the Serthi Mandapam.






Azhagiya Manavalan is believed to have appeared to Kamalavalli, the daughter of Chola king Nanda Cholan, in this place to marry her. Six daily rituals and three yearly festivals are held at the temple, of which the chariot festival, celebrated during the Tamil month of Chittirai (March–April), is the most prominent. The temple is believed to have been built by the Medieval Cholas of the late 8th century AD, with later contributions from later PandyasVijayanagar kings and Madurai Nayaks. The temple is maintained and administered by the Hindu Religious and Endowment Board of the Government of Tamilnadu.






Legends
For brief details, please refer below link;
History 
For brief details, please refer below link;
The Temple
For brief details, please refer below link;
Temple Opening Time
The temple is open from 6.00 a.m. to 12.00 a.m. and from 5.00 p.m. to 8.00 p.m.
Pooja Timings
·        Ushathkala pooja – 7 a.m.
·        Kalasanthi pooja – 8:00 a.m.
·        Uchikala pooja – 12:00 p.m.
·        Sayarakshai pooja – 6:00 p.m.
·        Irandam kala pooja – 7:00 p.m.
·        Ardha Jaama pooja – 8:00 p.m.
Festivals
For brief details, please refer below link;
Religious Practices
For brief details, please refer below link;
Religious Significance
For brief details, please refer below link;
Singers
Saint Tirumangai Azwar in his hymn wonders how to speak of the handsomeness of Lord Azhagiya Manavalar holding the discus and the conch, His shoulders as those of hills with all masculine features. How handsome you are My Lord, he wonders.
In his praise of Woraiyur Lord, Thirumangai Azhvaar refers to this place as Kozhiyur and the Lord as being truly handsome.
கோழியும் கடலும் கோயில் கொண்ட கோவலரே யொப்பர் குன்றமன்ன
பாழியும் டோழுமொரே நான் குடையார்
பண்டிவர் தம்மயாம் கண்டறி யோம்
வாழிய ரோ விவர் வண்ண மென்னில்
மாகடல் போன்றுளர் கையில் வெய்ய
அழியோன் றேந்தியோர் சங்கு பற்றி
அச்சோ ஒருவர் அழகிய வா
Prayers
Devotees pray for unity among the couples. Devotees perform special Tirumanjanam for Mother.
Contact
Azhagiya Manavalan Perumal Temple (Sri Kamalavalli Nachiyar Temple),
Woraiyur, Trichy – 620 003
Phone: +91 – 431 – 2762 446 / 2437605
Mobile: +91 – 94431 88716 / 94433 07605
Connectivity
Woraiyur is located at about 7 Kms from Trichy Center, 3 kms from Trichy Railway junction, 2 Kms from Chathram Bus Stand, 5 Kms from Trichy Central Bus Stand and 10 Kms from Trichy Airport. Plenty of town buses are available from Chatram bus stand or the central bus stand. Auto rickshaws charge around Rs 50 to Rs 100 (max). If you drive your car, it is easily accessible. Nearest Railway Station and Airport are located at Trichy.

Azhagiya Manavala Perumal Temple, Woraiyur – The Temple

Azhagiya Manavala Perumal Temple, Woraiyur – The Temple
Sri Azhagiya Manavala Perumal Temple is said to be the second temple among 108 Divya Desam temples dedicated to Lord Vishnu. The central shrine has the image of Azhagiya Perumal in sitting posture. There are paintings on the inner walls of the shrine of Nammalvar. The temples were painted during the early 1800s and has images of Matsya and Narasimha avatars of Vishnu, Vaishnava Acharyas, Azhwars, Vaishnavite mythology, the law of justice and dharma as enunciated by Ambarisha








The shrine of the Nachiyar faces north (in this case facing the Ranganatha temple, Srirangam, which is North of Woraiyur) and it is the only Divya Desam where she has a north-facing shrine. The temple has a 5-tiered Rajagopuram (gateway tower). There are separate shrines for Ramanuja and Nammazhwar, one of the twelve azhwars and the author of Thiruvaimozhi. The vimana, is called Kamala Vimanam. Lord and Mother are looking at each other facing north. Those facing problems in matrimonial affairs perform Archana to Mother Kamalavalli Nachiar on Aslesha (Aayilyam) star day for successful results.  








As the land happens to be the birth place of Mother-Thayar, all prominence goes to Mother in the temple and is praised as Nachiar Koil. There is procession deity in the sanctum for Mother only. There is no Utsavar found in this sthalam as Sri Ranganathar of Sri Rangam came here to marry Sri Lakshmi and the Utsavar of Sri Rangam is considered to be the Utsavar of this Sthalam too.








Moolavar:
The Moolavar of this Sthalam is Azhagiya Manavalan. Srirangam Uthsavar Namperumal gets the name Sri Azhagiya Manavalan when he comes to Uraiyur. He is found in Standing (Nindra) Thirukolam (position) facing his thirumugham towards North direction along with "Prayoga Chakkaram". Prathyaksham for Ravidharman and all Devars (330 crores). 
Thayar:
The Thayar of this Sthalam is Sri Kamalavalli Nachiyar (Vaasakshmi). Also named as "Uraiyur Valli". She is found in Sitting (Veetrirundha) Kolam facing North direction. The Position of the Thaayar is similar to position of a Bride who sits along with the Groom during marriage. The above positions are called as "Thirukalyana Avasaram". In this Sthalam, Mother is giving her Seva in two different ways. One is Irundha Seva and the other one is Kidantha Seva. Combining these both Sevas, she is giving Seva as "Urayum" (from sitting Seva to sleeping Seva) Seva.
Utsavar Thaayar:
Sri Kamalavalli Naachiyaar (Sri Vaasa Lakshmi)
Mangalasasanam:
·        Kulasekara Alwar - 1 Paasuram
·        Thirumangai Alwar - 2 Paasuram
Pushkarani:
·        Sri Kamala Pushkarani
·        Kalyana Pushkarani
·        Suryapushkarani Pushkarani
·        Kudamurutinadhi Pushkarani
Vimanam:
·        Kalyana Vimaanam. 

Azhagiya Manavala Perumal Temple, Woraiyur – Religious Significance

Azhagiya Manavala Perumal Temple, Woraiyur – Religious Significance
The temple is revered in Nalayira Divya Prabandham, the 7th–9th century Vaishnava canon, by Kulasekaraazhvaar in eleven hymns and Thirumangai Azhwar in thirteen hymns. The temple is classified as a Divyadesam, one of the 108 Vishnu temples that are mentioned in the book. The temple is counted as the second in the line of Divyadesam after Srirangam Ranganathaswamy temple. The temple is one of the few Divyadesams where the goddess has prominence over Vishnu.
Some of the other temples where the female dominance is observed are Andal Temple at Srivilliputtur, Nachiyar Koil & Pundarikakshan Perumal Temple in Thiruvellarai. During all festive occasions, the first rights are reserved for Nachiyar, who moves ahead, while Azhagiya Manavalar follows her. The food served to Nachiyar is prepared with pepper instead of chillies.

Azhagiya Manavala Perumal Temple, Woraiyur – Religious Practices

Azhagiya Manavala Perumal Temple, Woraiyur – Religious Practices
The temple priests perform the pooja (rituals) during festivals and on a daily basis. As at other Vishnu temples of Tamilnadu, the priests belong to the Vaishnavite community, a Brahmin sub - caste. The temple rituals are performed six times a day: Ushathkalam at 7 a.m., Kalasanthi at 8:00 a.m., Uchikalam at 12:00 p.m., Sayarakshai at 6:00 p.m., Irandamkalam at 7:00 p.m. and Ardha Jamam at 8:00 p.m. Each ritual has three steps: Alankaram (decoration), neivethanam (food offering) and Deepa aradanai (waving of lamps) for both Azhagiya Manavalan and Kamalavalli.
During the last step of worship, nagaswaram (pipe instrument) and tavil (percussion instrument) are played, religious instructions in the Vedas (sacred text) are recited by priests, and worshippers prostrate themselves in front of the temple mast. There are weekly, monthly and fortnightly rituals performed in the temple. Instead of Kumkum Prasad usually offered in Vishnu temples, sandal is offered in this temple. In the nivedhanas, pepper only is used and not chillies.

Azhagiya Manavala Perumal Temple, Woraiyur – Festivals

Azhagiya Manavala Perumal Temple, Woraiyur – Festivals
Serthi Sevai, the annual home coming festival is celebrated in the temple annually during the Ayilyam star in the Tamil month of Panguni. The festival is a part of the Panguni Uthiram festival of Srirangam Ranganathaswamy temple, when the festival idol of Srirangam temple, Namperumal, is brought to the Nachiyar temple and the images of Nachiyar and Namperumal are adorned in the Serthi hall of the temple. Special rituals are performed during the occasion. 
The temple is believed to be the birthplace of Thiruppaan Alvar, one of the twelve Azhwar saints belonging to the 6th - 8th centuries. In Srirangam Ranganathaswamy temple, a yearly birth festival of Tirupannazhwar is celebrated with Vishwaroopam darshan of Ranganatha at the sanctum on the occasion of his birthday. The festive idol of Tirupannazhwar is taken from the temple to Srirangam. Tiupana is accorded with grand honours called "Keezha Padi Honours".
A Parivattam (silk turban) is tied on the Azhwar's head, adorned with garland, shawl is wrapped around his shoulders and sacred sandal paste is handed to him, all of which are believed to bring a smile on the face of the azhwar. An hour later, the image of the azhwar is taken to Nammazhwar shrine and then Thayar shrine, with the chanting of Nalayira Divya Prabandham with the verses of the azhwar's work Amalanaathipiraan.
In the Azhagiya Manavala Perumal temple, a 10-day festival is celebrated in parallel that includes Araiyar Sevai, Veda Paaraayanam (reciting of Vedas), special Thirumanjanam (ablution) and procession inside the temple. Against the traditional practice of Perumal going through the Sorga Vasal on the Vaikunda Ekadasi day (December-January), Mother takes this privilege in this temple. There is no Brahmotsavam conducted in this Divya Desam.
Other Festivals:
·        Kodai Uthsavam - Vaikasi/Aani - 10 days
·        Vasantha Uthsavam - Vaikasi/Aani - 7 days
·        Navarathri Uthsavam - Purattasi - 9 days
·        Dolothsavam - Kaarthigai - 7 days
·        Thiru Adhyayana Uthsavam - Thai/Maasi - 11 days
·        Theppa Uthsavam - Maasi - 7 days
·  Sri Kamalavalli Naachiyar - Sri Azhagiya Manavalan Serthi - Panguni Aayilyam - 1 day.
·   Apart from the above Utsavams Thaayar will have Purapadu on every Friday.

Azhagiya Manavala Perumal Temple, Woraiyur – History

Azhagiya Manavala Perumal Temple, Woraiyur – History
The temple is believed to be in existence from the 7th century. Woraiyur was the first capital of the Chozhas. The place has the reputation of being the birth place of Saint Tirupannazhwar one among the celebrated 12 Vaishnavite saints. Thirupaan Azhwar composed 10 famous verses on Lord Ranganatha called ‘Amalanaathipiraan’ in which he showered the highest praise for the Lord of Srirangam.
Among the Saivite saints, Pugazh Chalar and Kochengata Cholan were also born here. The temple is maintained and administered by the Hindu Religious and Endowment Board of the Government of Tamilnadu. An Executive officer appointed by the Board manages the temple along with Srirangam Ranganathaswamy templePundarikakshan Perumal Temple at Thiruvellarai, Sri Vadivazhagiya Nambi Perumal Temple and Mariamman Temple at Anbil. 

Azhagiya Manavala Perumal Temple, Woraiyur – Legends

Azhagiya Manavala Perumal Temple, Woraiyur – Legends
Azhagiya Manavalan:
As per Hindu legend, Vishnu was pleased by the worship of the childless Chola king Nanda Chola and blessed the king that Lakshmi, his consort, would be born to him and at appropriate age, he would get married with her. The king found the child in a lotus tank while hunting in a forest. Since the child was born out of lotus, she was named Kamalavalli by the king. When she attained the marriageable age, she saw Lord Ranganatha riding on a horse and determined to marry him. 
Lord appeared in the dream of the king and expressed his desire to marry Kamalavalli. The king took his daughter to Srirangam where Kamalavalli joined the Lord. He built a temple to commemorate the occasion. The event is celebrated as Serthi Sevai festival every year. Since Vishnu appeared as Azhagiya Manavalan, meaning a beautiful groom, the temple is called Azhagiya Manavalan Temple.
New ring for Ranganayaki:
The episode leading to the buying of a new ring for Ranganayaki Thayar goes thus: Learning about the Lords’ trip to Woraiyur to meet Kamalavalli and presenting his ring to the Nachiyar, Ranganayaki Thayar fumes with anger. On the occasion of Panguni Uthiram (the fifth day of Panguni), Namperumal decides to meet Ranganayaki Thayar at her sannidhi located on the Northern side of the Srirangam temple. To convince Ranganayaki, it is believed that, the Lord goes around the Chitra and Uthira streets to meet the devotees and collect money to buy a new ring for Thayar. After over three hours, Namperumal reaches the Thayar Sannidhi.
As if waiting for a chance, Ranganayaki shuts the door refusing him entry into the Sannidhi. The Lord’s repeated attempts to move into the sannidhi fail. To top it all, He is even pelted with butter and fruits from the other side. A war of words ensues between the two with the Lord trying his best to convince Thayar of his commitment to her. During the 90-minute debate, which was one of the biggest highlights of Panguni Uthiram festival, the Araiyars represented Namperumal as the mediator between the Lord (waiting outside the entrance of the Thaayar Sannidhi) and Thayar.
After an intense debate, with Namperumal trying unsuccessfully to convince Thayar, Nammazhwar, who had been closely watching the drama, intervenes and advises the Goddess to accept the Lord once again. Immediately, accepting this directive, Ranganayaki relents – “Lord, I accept you as directed by Nammazhwar. Please come in.” This heated debate between the two and the way it ends, with Thayar accepting the Lord again, showcases to the world the beautiful relationship between a husband and a wife.
Panguni visit of Lord Ranganatha:
Every year in the month of Panguni, a significant event takes place at the Uraiyur temple. Lord Ranganatha, in all his splendour, leaves the Srirangam temple at 4 am to take the 6 km journey across the Cauvery in a golden palanquin to meet his beloved Kamalavalli Naachiyar for the ‘Kalyana Utsavam’ (marriage festivities). On this auspicious day in the month of Panguni, the entire marriage formalities between Lord Ranganatha and Kamalavalli Nachiyar are enacted at the Uraiyur Temple. Lord Ranganatha takes the trip back to Srirangam across the Cauvery that same night. At the Woraiyur temple, Kamalavalli Nachiyar is seen in a grand sitting posture, all set to get married. Being the handsome man in wedding attire, Lord Ranganatha here is called ‘Azhagiya Mana Valan’.
Birth Place of Thirupaan Azhvaar:
Uraiyur is also the birth place of Thirupaan Azhvaar. There is a separate sannidhi for Thirupaan Azhvaar at the Uraiyur temple. The Tiruppanaazhvaar festival is celebrated in a grand way at this temple in Karthigai (Nov-Dec).
Thirumangai Azhvaar's reference to Kozhiyur:
There’s a belief that an Elephant of a Chozha king, which entered this place, was beaten back by a valiant Hen and had to retreat. Hence, this place is also called Kozhiyoor (Kozhi means Hen in Tamil). In his praise of Uraiyur Lord, Thirumangai Azhvaar refers to this place as Kozhiyur and the Lord as being truly handsome.
கோழியும் கடலும் கோயில் கொண்ட கோவலரே யொப்பர் குன்றமன்ன
பாழியும் டோழுமொரே நான் குடையார்
பண்டிவர் தம்மயாம் கண்டறி யோம்
வாழிய ரோ விவர் வண்ண மென்னில்
மாகடல் போன்றுளர் கையில் வெய்ய
அழியோன் றேந்தியோர் சங்கு பற்றி
அச்சோ ஒருவர் அழகிய வா
Visit of 4 Divya Desams:
In centuries gone by, devotees used to first visit the Uraiyur Divya Desam, walk across the Cauvery to the Srirangam Ranganatha temple and then across the Coloroon to Uthamar Koil and finally to Thiru Vellarai, thus covering four Divya Desams in one go.